SUNNYVALE, Calif., Oct. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Spansion Inc. (NYSE: CODE), a global leader in embedded systems, today added 96 new products to the Spansion® FM4 Family of flexible microcontrollers (MCUs). Based on the ARM® Cortex®-M4F core, the new MCUs boast a 200 MHz operating frequency and support a diverse set of on-chip peripherals for enhanced human machine interfaces (HMIs) and machine-to-machine (M2M) communications. The rich set of periphera...
|By Robert Eve||
|May 21, 2011 03:30 PM EDT||
According to a recent McKinsey Big Data report , "The amount of data in our world has been exploding. Companies capture trillions of bytes of information about their customers, suppliers, and operations, and millions of networked sensors are being embedding in the physical world in devices such as mobile phones and automobiles, sensing, creating and communicating data."
NoSQL is increasingly being adopted with the expansion of “big data” use cases. The challenge to enterprises is to integrate disparate NoSQL systems, each with its unique and non-standard API, with their traditional enterprise data sources.
Today’s evolved data virtualization platforms provide access to information from almost any type of data store and therefore are inherently well-suited to integrate NoSQL data stores into the enterprise.
NoSQL and Data Virtualization Defined
NoSQL data stores manage data that is not strictly tabular and relational. Beyond being non-relational, NoSQL data stores are typically distributed, open-source, and horizontally scalable, although there are exceptions for specific NoSQL data stores.
Data virtualization, has over the past eight years expanded its adoption among enterprises and government agencies due to its ability to evolve rapidly and incorporate the latest IT innovations. Originally limited to relational sources and business intelligence (BI) consumers, data virtualization today supports a wide range of sources including multi-dimensional stores, Web and data services, XML documents, analytic appliances, on- and off-premises applications and more. NoSQL data stores are the newest source type supported by data virtualization.
The NoSQL Data Stores Landscape
Although the original emergence of NoSQL data stores was motivated by Web-scale data, the movement has grown to encompass a wide variety of data stores that do not use SQL as their primary processing language. NoSQL data stores can be categorized as:
-- Tabular/Columnar Data Stores: Storing sparse tabular data, these stores look most like traditional tabular databases. Examples include Hadoop/HBase (Yahoo!), BigTable (Google), Hypertable, and VoltDB.
-- Document Stores: These sources store unstructured (e.g., text) or semi-structured (e.g., XML) documents. Examples include MongoDB, Mark Logic, and CouchDB.
-- Graph Databases: These NoSQL sources store graph-oriented data with nodes, edges and properties, and are commonly used to store associations in social networks. Examples include Neo4J, AllegroGraph, and FlockDB.
-- Key/Value Stores: These sources store simple key/value pairs like a traditional hash table. They are further subdivided into in-memory and disk-based solutions. This category of NoSQL systems probably has the largest number of members, each embodying slightly different characteristics. Examples include Memcached, Cassandra (Facebook), SimpleDB, Dynamo (Amazon), Voldemort (LinkedIn), and Kyoto Cabinet.
-- Object and Multi-value Databases: These types of stores preceded the NoSQL movement but they have found new life as part of the movement. Object databases store objects (as in object-oriented programming). Multi-value databases store tabular data, but individual cells can store multiple values. Examples include Objectivity, GemStone, and Unidata.
-- Miscellaneous Sources: Several other data stores can be classified as NoSQL stores, although they don’t fit into any of the categories above. Examples include GT.M, IBM Lotus/Domino, and the ISIS family.
Virtualizing NoSQL Data Store Sources
Data virtualization platforms provide a complete toolset for accessing, federating, abstracting, and delivering information from diverse sources. Access is typically done via standards-based protocols and APIs; for example, JDBC and ODBC for SQL-based sources, HTTP and SOAP for Web services, JMS for messages, and APIs for enterprise and cloud-based applications. Through these methods, source data is securely exposed from a single virtual location, regardless of how and where it is physically stored.
Although NoSQL access standards have yet to develop fully, each implementation provides a Java-based development API appropriate for accessing that type of NoSQL data. Data virtualization platforms typically use these APIs to access and integrate data. Three kinds of NoSQL systems are particularly suited for the data virtualization platform: tabular/columnar data, XML documents, and key-value stores.
How to Integrate Tabular/Columnar Data Stores
Because data virtualization platforms were originally designed for tabular data, retrieving and processing data from this category is a natural fit. The preferred data retrieval paradigm for tabular/columnar data stores leverages “table functions” in the FROM clause of a SQL statement. That is, a procedure resource that returns a cursor can be dropped into the data virtualization development environment as a table, where it will show up in the FROM clause of the SQL statement.
Tabular/columnar NoSQL data sources typically store very large data sets. Table function implementations should ensure sufficient data reduction within the source by leveraging input parameters. Also, the processing of large data sets can take a long time, so some form of caching may be prudent to retain the results for reuse.
This approach provides full access to the data in the underlying NoSQL source, and it will likely be sufficient for most near-term needs. However, more generic filtering and aggregation might be possible with the underlying NoSQL source, and purpose-built table functions provide only a limited interface to the data virtualization platform. If a particular NoSQL tabular data store becomes quite popular, expect data virtualization platform providers to develop a custom adapter that more fully integrates and leverages that data source’s specific capabilities.
How to Integrate XML Document Stores
Because XML document store sources leverage XQuery as their preferred data retrieval paradigm, data virtualization platforms with embedded XQuery engines (and XML as a native data type) can easily retrieve and further process documents from this category of NoSQL data store.
For a specific NoSQL XML document store, a minimum of two custom procedures can be implemented that leverage the NoSQL system’s Java API. Both procedures would return an XML document that can be further manipulated by any of the upstream XML manipulation functionality (e.g., XSLT transformations). The first procedure takes a document handle (unique identifier) as its input argument and leverages the API to retrieve and return that document. The second procedure takes an XQuery specification as its input argument and leverages the API to execute the query and return the results as a single document. Of course, additional procedures accepting more specific parameters could also be implemented, making integration into multiple views easier.
How to Integrate Key/Value Stores
Data virtualization platforms can integrate key/value stores in two ways. The first is as a simple custom SQL function. This function can be created so that it takes the key as a parameter and returns the value. This common function can then be used in SQL statements throughout the data virtualization platform.
The second leverages an in-memory key/value store as a cache target. This approach is best for small data sets or procedure results; it doesn’t work very well for large tabular data sets. Further, this form of cache integration is often challenged by the impedance mismatch between cached tabular data and cached key/value data (the cached data is opaque inside the key/value store), so the entire set must be retrieved for processing.
Web analytics, predictive analytics, voice-of-the-customer, churn, fraud, sensor-tracking and other “big data” use cases are accelerating demand for NoSQL data stores as well as for the integration of NoSQL data with enterprise data. Data virtualization, a more modern and versatile approach to data integration, is proving a successful solution to this fast growing problem.
Oct. 21, 2014 04:30 AM EDT Reads: 913
The Internet of Things (IoT) is making everything it touches smarter – smart devices, smart cars and smart cities. And lucky us, we’re just beginning to reap the benefits as we work toward a networked society. However, this technology-driven innovation is impacting more than just individuals. The IoT has an environmental impact as well, which brings us to the theme of this month’s #IoTuesday Twitter chat. The ability to remove inefficiencies through connected objects is driving change throughout every sector, including waste management. BigBelly Solar, located just outside of Boston, is trans...
Oct. 21, 2014 04:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,251
SYS-CON Events announced today that Matrix.org has been named “Silver Sponsor” of Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Matrix is an ambitious new open standard for open, distributed, real-time communication over IP. It defines a new approach for interoperable Instant Messaging and VoIP based on pragmatic HTTP APIs and WebRTC, and provides open source reference implementations to showcase and bootstrap the new standard. Our focus is on simplicity, security, and supporting the fullest feature set.
Oct. 20, 2014 11:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,047
Predicted by Gartner to add $1.9 trillion to the global economy by 2020, the Internet of Everything (IoE) is based on the idea that devices, systems and services will connect in simple, transparent ways, enabling seamless interactions among devices across brands and sectors. As this vision unfolds, it is clear that no single company can accomplish the level of interoperability required to support the horizontal aspects of the IoE. The AllSeen Alliance, announced in December 2013, was formed with the goal to advance IoE adoption and innovation in the connected home, healthcare, education, aut...
Oct. 20, 2014 11:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,537
SYS-CON Events announced today that Red Hat, the world's leading provider of open source solutions, will exhibit at Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Red Hat is the world's leading provider of open source software solutions, using a community-powered approach to reliable and high-performing cloud, Linux, middleware, storage and virtualization technologies. Red Hat also offers award-winning support, training, and consulting services. As the connective hub in a global network of enterprises, partners, a...
Oct. 20, 2014 09:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,081
The only place to be June 9-11 is Cloud Expo & @ThingsExpo 2015 East at the Javits Center in New York City. Join us there as delegates from all over the world come to listen to and engage with speakers & sponsors from the leading Cloud Computing, IoT & Big Data companies. Cloud Expo & @ThingsExpo are the leading events covering the booming market of Cloud Computing, IoT & Big Data for the enterprise. Speakers from all over the world will be hand-picked for their ability to explore the economic strategies that utility/cloud computing provides. Whether public, private, or in a hybrid form, clo...
Oct. 20, 2014 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,850
Software AG helps organizations transform into Digital Enterprises, so they can differentiate from competitors and better engage customers, partners and employees. Using the Software AG Suite, companies can close the gap between business and IT to create digital systems of differentiation that drive front-line agility. We offer four on-ramps to the Digital Enterprise: alignment through collaborative process analysis; transformation through portfolio management; agility through process automation and integration; and visibility through intelligent business operations and big data.
Oct. 20, 2014 03:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,576
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace.
Oct. 20, 2014 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,560
Be Among the First 100 to Attend & Receive a Smart Beacon. The Physical Web is an open web project within the Chrome team at Google. Scott Jenson leads a team that is working to leverage the scalability and openness of the web to talk to smart devices. The Physical Web uses bluetooth low energy beacons to broadcast an URL wirelessly using an open protocol. Nearby devices can find all URLs in the room, rank them and let the user pick one from a list. Each device is, in effect, a gateway to a web page. This unlocks entirely new use cases so devices can offer tiny bits of information or simple i...
Oct. 20, 2014 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,731
Things are being built upon cloud foundations to transform organizations. This CEO Power Panel at 15th Cloud Expo, moderated by Roger Strukhoff, Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo conference chair, will address the big issues involving these technologies and, more important, the results they will achieve. How important are public, private, and hybrid cloud to the enterprise? How does one define Big Data? And how is the IoT tying all this together?
Oct. 20, 2014 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,574
The Internet of Things (IoT) is going to require a new way of thinking and of developing software for speed, security and innovation. This requires IT leaders to balance business as usual while anticipating for the next market and technology trends. Cloud provides the right IT asset portfolio to help today’s IT leaders manage the old and prepare for the new. Today the cloud conversation is evolving from private and public to hybrid. This session will provide use cases and insights to reinforce the value of the network in helping organizations to maximize their company’s cloud experience.
Oct. 20, 2014 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,811
TechCrunch reported that "Berlin-based relayr, maker of the WunderBar, an Internet of Things (IoT) hardware dev kit which resembles a chunky chocolate bar, has closed a $2.3 million seed round, from unnamed U.S. and Switzerland-based investors. The startup had previously raised a €250,000 friend and family round, and had been on track to close a €500,000 seed earlier this year — but received a higher funding offer from a different set of investors, which is the $2.3M round it’s reporting."
Oct. 20, 2014 09:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,507
The Industrial Internet revolution is now underway, enabled by connected machines and billions of devices that communicate and collaborate. The massive amounts of Big Data requiring real-time analysis is flooding legacy IT systems and giving way to cloud environments that can handle the unpredictable workloads. Yet many barriers remain until we can fully realize the opportunities and benefits from the convergence of machines and devices with Big Data and the cloud, including interoperability, data security and privacy.
Oct. 19, 2014 10:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,469
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. Over the summer Gartner released its much anticipated annual Hype Cycle report and the big news is that Internet of Things has now replaced Big Data as the most hyped technology. Indeed, we're hearing more and more about this fascinating new technological paradigm. Every other IT news item seems to be about IoT and its implications on the future of digital busines...
Oct. 19, 2014 09:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,718
Cultural, regulatory, environmental, political and economic (CREPE) conditions over the past decade are creating cross-industry solution spaces that require processes and technologies from both the Internet of Things (IoT), and Data Management and Analytics (DMA). These solution spaces are evolving into Sensor Analytics Ecosystems (SAE) that represent significant new opportunities for organizations of all types. Public Utilities throughout the world, providing electricity, natural gas and water, are pursuing SmartGrid initiatives that represent one of the more mature examples of SAE. We have s...
Oct. 19, 2014 07:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,389
The Internet of Things needs an entirely new security model, or does it? Can we save some old and tested controls for the latest emerging and different technology environments? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, will review hands-on lessons with IoT devices and reveal privacy options and a new risk balance you might not expect.
Oct. 19, 2014 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,871
IoT is still a vague buzzword for many people. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Mike Kavis, Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Partners, will discuss the business value of IoT that goes far beyond the general public's perception that IoT is all about wearables and home consumer services. The presentation will also discuss how IoT is perceived by investors and how venture capitalist access this space. Other topics to discuss are barriers to success, what is new, what is old, and what the future may hold.
Oct. 19, 2014 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,666
Swiss innovators dizmo Inc. launches its ground-breaking software, which turns any digital surface into an immersive platform. The dizmo platform seamlessly connects digital and physical objects in the home and at the workplace. Dizmo breaks down traditional boundaries between device, operating systems, apps and software, transforming the way users work, play and live. It supports orchestration and collaboration in an unparalleled way enabling any data to instantaneously be accessed on any surface, anywhere and made interactive. Dizmo brings fantasies as seen in Sci-fi movies such as Iro...
Oct. 18, 2014 10:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,823
There’s Big Data, then there’s really Big Data from the Internet of Things. IoT is evolving to include many data possibilities like new types of event, log and network data. The volumes are enormous, generating tens of billions of logs per day, which raise data challenges. Early IoT deployments are relying heavily on both the cloud and managed service providers to navigate these challenges. In her session at 6th Big Data Expo®, Hannah Smalltree, Director at Treasure Data, to discuss how IoT, Big Data and deployments are processing massive data volumes from wearables, utilities and other mach...
Oct. 18, 2014 05:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,896
This Internet of Nouns trend is still in the early stages and many of our already connected gadgets do provide human benefits over the typical infotainment. Internet of Things or IoT. You know, where everyday objects have software, chips, and sensors to capture data and report back. Household items like refrigerators, toilets and thermostats along with clothing, cars and soon, the entire home will be connected. Many of these devices provide actionable data - or just fun entertainment - so people can make decisions about whatever is being monitored. It can also help save lives.
Oct. 18, 2014 03:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,636