Welcome!

Containers Expo Blog Authors: Elizabeth White, Mehdi Daoudi, Yeshim Deniz, Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski

Blog Feed Post

Windows Server 2012 – New Advanced Features

In this article I would like to share the new things in Windows Server 2012 that grabbed my particular attention. It’s not a full list of the new features, which you can find on the Microsoft official site. It’s more like a summary of the more advanced and intriguing new features.

Live migrations

Windows Server 2008 R2 supported live migration, but only if the virtual hard disk’s location remained the same, i.e. SAN. What Windows Server 2012 brings to the scene is the ability to move a virtual machine outside a cluster environment to any other Hyper-V host. You can even move several machines at the same time. The only thing you would need is a shared folder accessible from both locations and then you could move the storage (storage migration) of a virtual machine to a new one. Windows Server 2012 even offers you the ability to do a “Shared Nothing” live migration, meaning the ability to migrate a virtual machine from one host to another, even if they have no connectivity between themselves.

Minimum bandwidth

In a typical virtualization infrastructure there are multiple virtual machines sharing the same physical network card. In periods of heavy loads one virtual machine can manipulate the traffic if it needs it, leaving insufficient traffic for the rest of the machines. In Windows Server 2008 R2 you were able to set the maximum bandwidth for each virtual machine, meaning that they couldn’t occupy more of their allocated bandwidth, even if they needed to. However, it was inefficient in situations when the other virtual machines didn’t actually need the rest of the bandwidth. Setting a minimum bandwidth in Windows Server 2012 allows you to specify how much bandwidth each virtual machine needs in order to function. However, these constraints are applied only when there is a conflict in the bandwidth needs of virtual machines. If there is free bandwidth each virtual machine may use it until other virtual machines that are under their minimum bandwidth need it.
Let’s say we have a 1 Gigabit Ethernet card. We specify the minimum bandwidths for Virtual Machine (VM) 1, VM2, and VM3 to be respectively 500 Mb, 300 Mb, and 200 Mb (the sum can’t exceed the total bandwidth of the Ethernet card). In a moment of less activity from VM2 and VM3, VM1 uses 700 Mb of the available bandwidth, VM2 and VM3 use 100 Mb each. However, in the next moment a transaction is processed to VM2 and it needs all its available bandwidth. When that happens, VM2 will first occupy the available 100 Mb, but because it still needs more bandwidth and it’s under its minimum bandwidth of 300 Mb, V1 (as it exceeds its minimum bandwidth) will have to give VM2 100 Mb more.

Network virtualization

What it allows you to do is to have multiple virtual networks, possibly with the same IP address schemes, on top of the same physical network. It is really useful for cloud services providers. However, it can be used in businesses as well, for example when HR or Payroll traffic should be totally separated from the rest of the traffic. It also allows you to move virtual machines wherever you need them, despite the physical network, even to the cloud. For this to be possible each virtual machine has two different addresses for each network adapter. One is used for communication with the rest of the virtual machines and hosts in that network and is called Client Address. The other one is called Provider Address and it’s used for communications on the physical network only. These addresses are given so that different clients/departments have specific addresses so that the provider knows which traffic comes from which client/department. This way, the traffic is completely isolated from any other traffic on the physical network.

Resource metering

It allows you to easily do your capacity planning, because it collects information for the use of resources of a virtual machine throughout a period of time. Furthermore, Windows Server 2012 introduces the concept of resource pools. They combine multiple virtual machines belonging to one specific client or used for one specific function and the resource metrics are collected on a per user/function basis. This technique is helpful for IT budgeting needs and for billing customers. The metrics usually being collected are: Average CPU use (for a selected period of time); Average memory use; Minimum memory use; Maximum memory use; Maximum disk allocation; Incoming network traffic; Outgoing network traffic.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

A rogue DHCP server is a fake server which is connected to the network, collects DHCP server requests and responds with incorrect addressing information. Active Directory protects its DHCP service by not allowing other DHCP servers to operate on the network until they are authenticated. However, this does not apply for non-Microsoft-Windows DHCP servers. They could still connect to the network and give addresses. Windows Server 2012 limits this by allowing you to specify which ports can have DHCP servers attached. So if the intruder is attached to any other port, its DHCP fake server packets would be dropped.

Snapshots

They are mainly used when you need point-in-time recovery in case of an error. For example, when you apply a service pack on a production server, you may want to give yourself a backdoor in case something bad happens. You take the snapshot before the service pack installation and if needed, you recover the server with it. What happens if you don’t need it? You’ve monitored the server for a while and everything seems normal after the patch? You don’t need the screenshot anymore. However, in Windows Server 2008 R2 you couldn’t just get rid of it. You would have to pause the virtual machine for a while, making it inaccessible. Windows Server 2012 has a new feature, called Hyper-V Live Merge, which allows you to release the snapshot while the machine continues to run.

Stay tuned to Monitis for our future articles on Windows Server 2012. We will take a deeper look into these and some more advanced new features.

Share Now:del.icio.usDiggFacebookLinkedInBlinkListDZoneGoogle BookmarksRedditStumbleUponTwitterRSS

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Hovhannes Avoyan

Hovhannes Avoyan is the CEO of PicsArt, Inc.,

@ThingsExpo Stories
The explosion of new web/cloud/IoT-based applications and the data they generate are transforming our world right before our eyes. In this rush to adopt these new technologies, organizations are often ignoring fundamental questions concerning who owns the data and failing to ask for permission to conduct invasive surveillance of their customers. Organizations that are not transparent about how their systems gather data telemetry without offering shared data ownership risk product rejection, regu...
The Internet of Things is clearly many things: data collection and analytics, wearables, Smart Grids and Smart Cities, the Industrial Internet, and more. Cool platforms like Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Intel's Galileo and Edison, and a diverse world of sensors are making the IoT a great toy box for developers in all these areas. In this Power Panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists discussed what things are the most important, which will have the most profound e...
@ThingsExpo has been named the Most Influential ‘Smart Cities - IIoT' Account and @BigDataExpo has been named fourteenth by Right Relevance (RR), which provides curated information and intelligence on approximately 50,000 topics. In addition, Right Relevance provides an Insights offering that combines the above Topics and Influencers information with real time conversations to provide actionable intelligence with visualizations to enable decision making. The Insights service is applicable to eve...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Grape Up will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct. 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Grape Up is a software company specializing in cloud native application development and professional services related to Cloud Foundry PaaS. With five expert teams that operate in various sectors of the market across the U.S. and Europe, Grape Up works with a variety of customers from emergi...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Hitachi, the leading provider the Internet of Things and Digital Transformation, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Hitachi Data Systems, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hitachi, Ltd., offers an integrated portfolio of services and solutions that enable digital transformation through enhanced data management, governance, mobility and analytics. We help globa...
In his keynote at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Director of IoT Engineering at Citrix and co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, focused on building an IoT platform and company. He provided a behind-the-scenes look at Octoblu’s platform, business, and pivots along the way (including the Citrix acquisition of Octoblu).
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
Multiple data types are pouring into IoT deployments. Data is coming in small packages as well as enormous files and data streams of many sizes. Widespread use of mobile devices adds to the total. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists will look at the tools and environments that are being put to use in IoT deployments, as well as the team skills a modern enterprise IT shop needs to keep things running, get a handle on all this data, and deli...
20th Cloud Expo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Super Micro Computer, Inc., a global leader in compute, storage and networking technologies, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Supermicro (NASDAQ: SMCI), the leading innovator in high-performance, high-efficiency server technology, is a premier provider of advanced server Building Block Solutions® for Data Center, Cloud Computing, Enterprise IT, Hadoop/...
Amazon has gradually rolled out parts of its IoT offerings in the last year, but these are just the tip of the iceberg. In addition to optimizing their back-end AWS offerings, Amazon is laying the ground work to be a major force in IoT – especially in the connected home and office. Amazon is extending its reach by building on its dominant Cloud IoT platform, its Dash Button strategy, recently announced Replenishment Services, the Echo/Alexa voice recognition control platform, the 6-7 strategic...
Bert Loomis was a visionary. This general session will highlight how Bert Loomis and people like him inspire us to build great things with small inventions. In their general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Harold Hannon, Architect at IBM Bluemix, and Michael O'Neill, Strategic Business Development at Nvidia, discussed the accelerating pace of AI development and how IBM Cloud and NVIDIA are partnering to bring AI capabilities to "every day," on-demand. They also reviewed two "free infrastructure" pr...
Judith Hurwitz is president and CEO of Hurwitz & Associates, a Needham, Mass., research and consulting firm focused on emerging technology, including big data, cognitive computing and governance. She is co-author of the book Cognitive Computing and Big Data Analytics, published in 2015. Her Cloud Expo session, "What Is the Business Imperative for Cognitive Computing?" is scheduled for Wednesday, June 8, at 8:40 a.m. In it, she puts cognitive computing into perspective with its value to the busin...
Cognitive Computing is becoming the foundation for a new generation of solutions that have the potential to transform business. Unlike traditional approaches to building solutions, a cognitive computing approach allows the data to help determine the way applications are designed. This contrasts with conventional software development that begins with defining logic based on the current way a business operates. In her session at 18th Cloud Expo, Judith S. Hurwitz, President and CEO of Hurwitz & ...
Financial Technology has become a topic of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 20th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York, June 6-8, 2017, will find fresh new content in a new track called FinTech.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Interoute, owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Interoute is the owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform which encompasses 12 data centers, 14 virtual data centers and 31 colocation centers, with connections to 195 add...
The age of Digital Disruption is evolving into the next era – Digital Cohesion, an age in which applications securely self-assemble and deliver predictive services that continuously adapt to user behavior. Information from devices, sensors and applications around us will drive services seamlessly across mobile and fixed devices/infrastructure. This evolution is happening now in software defined services and secure networking. Four key drivers – Performance, Economics, Interoperability and Trust ...
Grape Up is a software company, specialized in cloud native application development and professional services related to Cloud Foundry PaaS. With five expert teams that operate in various sectors of the market across the USA and Europe, we work with a variety of customers from emerging startups to Fortune 1000 companies.
Cybersecurity is a critical component of software development in many industries including medical devices. However, code is not always written to be robust or secure from the unknown or the unexpected. This gap can make medical devices susceptible to cybersecurity attacks ranging from compromised personal health information to life-sustaining treatment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Clark Fortney, Software Engineer at Battelle, will discuss how programming oversight using key methods can incre...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Super Micro Computer, Inc., a global leader in compute, storage and networking technologies, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Supermicro (NASDAQ: SMCI), the leading innovator in high-performance, high-efficiency server technology, is a premier provider of advanced server Building Block Solutions® for Data Center, Cloud Computing, Enterprise IT, Hadoop/...