Welcome!

Containers Expo Blog Authors: Destiny Bertucci, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Stackify Blog

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog, @DXWorldExpo, SDN Journal, @DevOpsSummit

@CloudExpo: Blog Feed Post

Without a Strong PaaS, ITaaS, DevOps & IaaS Fall Short

Delivering IT as a service requires transformative efforts across all of IT

To lower IT operational costs and/or to become more agile, the business must simplify the processes to deliver and manage infrastructure and the applications running on that infrastructure. Focusing on one without the other is simply applying yet another band-aid to an already hampered environment. Delivering IT as a service requires transformative efforts across all of IT and a re-evaluation of the metrics currently used to judge success. Achieving these goals demands a new platform and approach to delivering data and applications to users.

I was recently reviewing a reference architecture for Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and was confounded by the sheer complexity still required to deliver what amounts to a starting point for the higher level task of deploying software. Perhaps I set the bar too high, but if I were a CIO, any new infrastructure investment I made today would need to be part of a self-aware automatically elastic resource pool. That is, when I plug in the new hardware (e.g., server, storage, network) I’m asked a couple of basic questions about allocation and voila the hardware is automatically incorporated into one or more resource pools. Moreover, there's software that sits on top of that pool that allocates it out to users on a metered basis. Any further time spent on operational configuration, engineering and deployment is simply wasted effort.

This vision of elastic and automated configuration is not a pipe-dream otherwise it would be too costly for a business like Amazon to deliver its service at the price point that it does. If Amazon required the amount of human involvement in managing the infrastructure that most IT organizations currently require the cost of delivering their EC2 and S3 services would not be sustainable let alone continue to shrink.

As CIO of Company A, it then occurs to me, I have two choices: a) change the way I operate to look more like Amazon, or b) let Amazon do what they do best and subscribe to their services. The former is a daunting task for sure. Transforming IT to deliver as a service has an impact deep into the DNA of the business itself. There’s a whole lot of risk and no guarantee of success. Moreover, the key metric to demonstrate success is elusive at best as it needs to be a combination of productivity, costs and agility weighted against a number that is very difficult to compute based on the current architecture. Hence, how can I demonstrate to executive management and the Board that their investment in transformation was money well spent? The latter is interesting, but I need to overcome internal perceptions surrounding lack of security and the issues related to CapEx versus OpEx spending. Either way, or maybe I choose a combination of both in a hybrid architecture, all I have to show at the end of the day is a better way to allocate infrastructure for purposes of deploying and managing applications; at which point we encounter a whole new set of complexities.

One of the biggest hurdles surrounding application management is the diversity and lack of integration of the application stacks. Consider a basic financial application workload that is used companywide. There’s a database, which must be able to handle hundreds of transactions a minute. There’s the application itself which is comprised of some core executable modules and a bunch of business rules that are defined within the application. The core executables probably run in some form of middleware that enables it to scale, which is a separate layer that must be individually deployed and managed. Of course, this is the bare minimum to make the application work. There also needs to be some security layers made up of anywhere from five to ten applications and tools for managing disaster recovery, high-availability and extracting data for external reporting. All these layers must be integrated to work seamlessly. Moreover, this is just one of many applications an enterprise operates.

Now, imagine that entire integrated application stack just described is a complete package (workload) that must now be made to work with a given hardware infrastructure, usually chosen by a separate team that has little to no experience with the application architecture or worse selected by procurement off an approved vendor list. Moreover, it requires a combination of skills from both application and operations teams to figure out how best to scale the application over time as demand rises. As George Takei, of Star Trek fame likes to say, “oh myyy”! In short, there’s just too many moving parts requiring too much human intervention and too much engineering and configuration relative to the value received. It’s no wonder business is seriously considering alternative means of acquiring IT services, such as Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). For this reason over the next few years IT must and will start to seriously consider Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS).

Most times I recommend evolution over revolution as it is usually more palatable by the business. However, continuing to deliver IT in this manner is unsustainable and is not delivering the agility and speed require by the business. PaaS changes the way we think about building applications and leveraging PaaS capabilities will require applications to be rewritten or migrated. These applications will not directly implement a unique instance of application infrastructure, but will leverage services that are designed to meet stated service levels. In turn, this simplifies the deployment and operation of that application as well as opens the architecture up to leverage services with better economics over time. It will remove the requirement for an infrastructure and operations team to figure out how to optimize a selected set of hardware to meet the goals of a single application and let them focus instead on how to deliver services.

Moreover, PaaS delivers a shared common platform, which is where PaaS becomes such a critical component to tying together ITaaS, IaaS and DevOps into a singular goal of design, build, test, run and terminate. IaaS is merely a commodity layer that offers high value compute services and can support the selected PaaS. DevOps provides the framework and structure for configuration of the application support services, such as networking, security, authorization, backup, etc.

In the end, instead of multiple disjointed teams each focused on their own specializations, there will be a single team focused on the goal of delivering IT services to the business. This is all driven by the focus and perspective fostered through a move toward PaaS.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By JP Morgenthal

JP Morgenthal is a veteran IT solutions executive and Distinguished Engineer with CSC. He has been delivering IT services to business leaders for the past 30 years and is a recognized thought-leader in applying emerging technology for business growth and innovation. JP's strengths center around transformation and modernization leveraging next generation platforms and technologies. He has held technical executive roles in multiple businesses including: CTO, Chief Architect and Founder/CEO. Areas of expertise for JP include strategy, architecture, application development, infrastructure and operations, cloud computing, DevOps, and integration. JP is a published author with four trade publications with his most recent being “Cloud Computing: Assessing the Risks”. JP holds both a Masters and Bachelors of Science in Computer Science from Hofstra University.

@ThingsExpo Stories
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, whic...
BnkToTheFuture.com is the largest online investment platform for investing in FinTech, Bitcoin and Blockchain companies. We believe the future of finance looks very different from the past and we aim to invest and provide trading opportunities for qualifying investors that want to build a portfolio in the sector in compliance with international financial regulations.
Imagine if you will, a retail floor so densely packed with sensors that they can pick up the movements of insects scurrying across a store aisle. Or a component of a piece of factory equipment so well-instrumented that its digital twin provides resolution down to the micrometer.
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, provided an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settle...
Product connectivity goes hand and hand these days with increased use of personal data. New IoT devices are becoming more personalized than ever before. In his session at 22nd Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, Nicolas Fierro, CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions, will discuss how in order to protect your data and privacy, IoT applications need to embrace Blockchain technology for a new level of product security never before seen - or needed.
Leading companies, from the Global Fortune 500 to the smallest companies, are adopting hybrid cloud as the path to business advantage. Hybrid cloud depends on cloud services and on-premises infrastructure working in unison. Successful implementations require new levels of data mobility, enabled by an automated and seamless flow across on-premises and cloud resources. In his general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Tevis, an IBM Storage Software Technical Strategist and Customer Solution Architec...
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
No hype cycles or predictions of a gazillion things here. IoT is here. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, an Associate Partner of Analytics, IoT & Cybersecurity at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He also discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data...
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Raju Shreewastava, founder of Big Data Trunk, provided a fun and simple way to introduce Machine Leaning to anyone and everyone. He solved a machine learning problem and demonstrated an easy way to be able to do machine learning without even coding. Raju Shreewastava is the founder of Big Data Trunk (www.BigDataTrunk.com), a Big Data Training and consulting firm with offices in the United States. He previously led the data warehouse/business intelligence and B...
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...
When shopping for a new data processing platform for IoT solutions, many development teams want to be able to test-drive options before making a choice. Yet when evaluating an IoT solution, it’s simply not feasible to do so at scale with physical devices. Building a sensor simulator is the next best choice; however, generating a realistic simulation at very high TPS with ease of configurability is a formidable challenge. When dealing with multiple application or transport protocols, you would be...
Smart cities have the potential to change our lives at so many levels for citizens: less pollution, reduced parking obstacles, better health, education and more energy savings. Real-time data streaming and the Internet of Things (IoT) possess the power to turn this vision into a reality. However, most organizations today are building their data infrastructure to focus solely on addressing immediate business needs vs. a platform capable of quickly adapting emerging technologies to address future ...
We are given a desktop platform with Java 8 or Java 9 installed and seek to find a way to deploy high-performance Java applications that use Java 3D and/or Jogl without having to run an installer. We are subject to the constraint that the applications be signed and deployed so that they can be run in a trusted environment (i.e., outside of the sandbox). Further, we seek to do this in a way that does not depend on bundling a JRE with our applications, as this makes downloads and installations rat...
Widespread fragmentation is stalling the growth of the IIoT and making it difficult for partners to work together. The number of software platforms, apps, hardware and connectivity standards is creating paralysis among businesses that are afraid of being locked into a solution. EdgeX Foundry is unifying the community around a common IoT edge framework and an ecosystem of interoperable components.
DX World EXPO, LLC, a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based startup trade show producer and the creator of "DXWorldEXPO® - Digital Transformation Conference & Expo" has announced its executive management team. The team is headed by Levent Selamoglu, who has been named CEO. "Now is the time for a truly global DX event, to bring together the leading minds from the technology world in a conversation about Digital Transformation," he said in making the announcement.
In this strange new world where more and more power is drawn from business technology, companies are effectively straddling two paths on the road to innovation and transformation into digital enterprises. The first path is the heritage trail – with “legacy” technology forming the background. Here, extant technologies are transformed by core IT teams to provide more API-driven approaches. Legacy systems can restrict companies that are transitioning into digital enterprises. To truly become a lead...
Digital Transformation (DX) is not a "one-size-fits all" strategy. Each organization needs to develop its own unique, long-term DX plan. It must do so by realizing that we now live in a data-driven age, and that technologies such as Cloud Computing, Big Data, the IoT, Cognitive Computing, and Blockchain are only tools. In her general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Rebecca Wanta explained how the strategy must focus on DX and include a commitment from top management to create great IT jobs, monitor ...
"Cloud Academy is an enterprise training platform for the cloud, specifically public clouds. We offer guided learning experiences on AWS, Azure, Google Cloud and all the surrounding methodologies and technologies that you need to know and your teams need to know in order to leverage the full benefits of the cloud," explained Alex Brower, VP of Marketing at Cloud Academy, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clar...
The IoT Will Grow: In what might be the most obvious prediction of the decade, the IoT will continue to expand next year, with more and more devices coming online every single day. What isn’t so obvious about this prediction: where that growth will occur. The retail, healthcare, and industrial/supply chain industries will likely see the greatest growth. Forrester Research has predicted the IoT will become “the backbone” of customer value as it continues to grow. It is no surprise that retail is ...