Welcome!

Containers Expo Blog Authors: Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Jyoti Bansal, Yeshim Deniz

Related Topics: Containers Expo Blog, @CloudExpo, SDN Journal

Containers Expo Blog: Article

Infrastructure 101 - Part 2 | @CloudExpo #Cloud #SDN #SDS #DataCenter

IT Infrastructure Fundamentals

Server Virtualization has transformed the way we manage server workloads but virtualization hypervisors were not the endgame of data center management. What is the role of server virtualization and hypervisors in the new age of cloud, containers, and more importantly, hyperconvergence?

I covered SAN technology in my last Infrastructure 101 article, so for today I'm going to cover server virtualization and maybe delve into containers and cloud.

Server virtualization as we know it now is based on hypervisor technology. A hypervisor is an operating system that allows sharing of physical computing resources such as networking, CPU, RAM, and storage among multiple virtual machines (sometimes called virtual servers). Virtual machines replaced traditional physical servers that each had their own physical chassis with storage, RAM, networking, and CPU. To understand the importance of hypervisors, let's look at a bit of history.

Early on, computing was primarily done on mainframes, which were monolithic machines designed to provide all of the computing necessary for an organization. They were designed to share resources among various parallel processes to accommodate multiple users. As computing needs grew, organization began to move away from the monolithic architecture of the mainframe to hosting multiple physical servers that were less expensive and that would run one or more applications for multiple users. Physical servers could range in size and capacity from very large, rivaling mainframes, down to very small, resembling personal computers.

While mainframes never disappeared completely, the flexibility in cost and capacity of physical servers made them an infrastructure of choice across all industries. Unfortunately, as computing needs continued to grow, organizations began needing more and more servers, and more administrators to manage the servers. The size of server rooms, along with the power and cooling needs were honestly becoming ridiculous.

There were a number of technologies that emerged resembling what we now call server virtualization that allowed the compute and storage resources of a single physical box to be divided among different virtualized servers, but those never became the mainstream. Virtualization didn't really take off until hypervisor technology for the x86 platform came around, which happened at the same time as other platforms were declining in the server market.

Initially, virtualization was not adopted for production servers but instead was used extensively for testing and development because it lacked some of the performance and stability needed for production servers. The widespread use for test and dev eventually led to improvements that made administrators confident with its use on production servers. The combination of performance improvements along with clustering to provide high availability for virtual machines open the door for widespread adoption for production servers.

The transition to virtualization was dramatic, reducing server rooms that once housed dozens and dozens of server racks to only a handful of server racks for the host servers and storage on which all of the same workloads ran. It is now difficult to find an IT shop that is still using physical servers as their primary infrastructure.

While there were many hypervisors battling to become the de facto solution, a number of hypervisors were adopted including Xen and KVM (both open source), Hyper-V, and VMware ESX/ESXi which took the lion's share of the market.  Those hypervisors or their derivatives continue to battle for marketshare today, after more than a decade. Cloud platforms have risen, built over each of these hypervisors, adding to the mystery of whether a de facto hypervisor will emerge. But maybe it no longer matters.

Virtualization has now become a commodity technology. It may not seem so to VMware customers who are still weighing various licensing options, but server virtualization is pretty well baked and the innovations have shifted to hyperconvergence, cloud, and container technologies. The differences between hypervisors are few enough that the buying decisions are often based more on price and support than technology at this point.

This commoditization of server virtualization does not necessarily indicate any kind of decline in virtualization anytime soon, but rather a shift in thinking from traditional virtualization architectures. While cloud is driving innovation in multi-tenancy and self-service, hyperconvergence is fueling innovation in how hardware and storage can be designed and used more efficiently by virtual machines (as per my previous post about storage technologies).

IT departments are beginning to wonder if the baggage of training and management infrastructures for server virtualization are still a requirement or if, as a commodity, server virtualization should no longer be so complex. Is being a virtualization expert still a badge of honor or is it now a default expectation for IT administrators? And with hyperconvergence and cloud technologies simplifying virtual machine management, what level of expertise is really still required?

I think the main take away from the commoditization of server virtualization is that as you move to hyperconvergence and cloud platforms, you shouldn't need to know what the underlying hypervisor is, nor should you care, and you definitely shouldn't have to worry about licensing it separately.  They say you don't understand something unless you can explain it to a 5 year old.  It is time for server virtualization to be easy enough that a 5 year old can provision virtual machines instead of requiring a full time, certified virtualization expert. Or maybe even a 4 year old.

More Stories By David Paquette

Starting with a degree in writing and a family history of software development, David entered the industry on the consumer end, providing tech support for dial up internet users before moving into software development as a software tester in 1999. With 16 years of software development experience moving from testing to systems engineering to product marketing and product management, David lived the startup and IPO experience with expertise in disaster recovery, server migration, and datacenter infrastructure. Now at Scale Computing as the Product Marketing Manager, David is leading the messaging efforts for hyperconverged infrastructure adoption.

@ThingsExpo Stories
DevOps at Cloud Expo – being held October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real r...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Systena America will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Systena Group has been in business for various software development and verification in Japan, US, ASEAN, and China by utilizing the knowledge we gained from all types of device development for various industries including smartphones (Android/iOS), wireless communication, security technology and IoT serv...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo, June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY and October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Super Micro Computer, Inc., a global leader in compute, storage and networking technologies, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Supermicro (NASDAQ: SMCI), the leading innovator in high-performance, high-efficiency server technology, is a premier provider of advanced server Building Block Solutions® for Data Center, Cloud Computing, Enterprise IT, Hadoop/...
In his keynote at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Director of IoT Engineering at Citrix and co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, focused on building an IoT platform and company. He provided a behind-the-scenes look at Octoblu’s platform, business, and pivots along the way (including the Citrix acquisition of Octoblu).
SYS-CON Events announced today that CollabNet, a global leader in enterprise software development, release automation and DevOps solutions, will be a Bronze Sponsor of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, taking place from June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CollabNet offers a broad range of solutions with the mission of helping modern organizations deliver quality software at speed. The company’s latest innovation, the DevOps Lifecycle Manager (DLM), supports Value S...
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, whic...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus intern...
The 21st International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding busin...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Enzu will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Enzu’s mission is to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud solutions worldwide. Enzu enables online businesses to use its IT infrastructure to their competitive ad...
Everywhere we turn in our industry we can find strong opinions about the direction, type and nature of cloud’s impact on computing and business. Another word that is used in every context in our industry is “hybrid.” In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Alvaro Gonzalez, Director of Technical, Partner and Field Marketing at Peak 10, will use a combination of a few conceptual props and some research recently commissioned by Peak 10 to offer a real-world consideration of how the various categories of...
In his opening keynote at 20th Cloud Expo, Michael Maximilien, Research Scientist, Architect, and Engineer at IBM, will motivate why realizing the full potential of the cloud and social data requires artificial intelligence. By mixing Cloud Foundry and the rich set of Watson services, IBM's Bluemix is the best cloud operating system for enterprises today, providing rapid development and deployment of applications that can take advantage of the rich catalog of Watson services to help drive insigh...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
Multiple data types are pouring into IoT deployments. Data is coming in small packages as well as enormous files and data streams of many sizes. Widespread use of mobile devices adds to the total. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists will look at the tools and environments that are being put to use in IoT deployments, as well as the team skills a modern enterprise IT shop needs to keep things running, get a handle on all this data, and deli...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo, June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY and October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.
Five years ago development was seen as a dead-end career, now it’s anything but – with an explosion in mobile and IoT initiatives increasing the demand for skilled engineers. But apart from having a ready supply of great coders, what constitutes true ‘DevOps Royalty’? It’ll be the ability to craft resilient architectures, supportability, security everywhere across the software lifecycle. In his keynote at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, Jeffrey Scheaffer, GM and SVP, Continuous Delivery Busine...
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm.
SYS-CON Events announced today that WineSOFT will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Based in Seoul and Irvine, WineSOFT is an innovative software house focusing on internet infrastructure solutions. The venture started as a bootstrap start-up in 2010 by focusing on making the internet faster and more powerful. WineSOFT’s knowledge is based on the expertise of TCP/IP, VPN, SSL, peer-to-peer, mob...
SYS-CON Events announced today that EARP Integration will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. EARP Integration is a passionate software house. Since its inception in 2009 the company successfully delivers smart solutions for cities and factories that start their digital transformation. EARP provides bespoke solutions like, for example, advanced enterprise portals, business intelligence systems an...
SYS-CON Events announced today that delaPlex will exhibit at SYS-CON's @CloudExpo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. delaPlex pioneered Software Development as a Service (SDaaS), which provides scalable resources to build, test, and deploy software. It’s a fast and more reliable way to develop a new product or expand your in-house team.