Containers Expo Blog Authors: Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, Yeshim Deniz, Flint Brenton, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: @DevOpsSummit, Containers Expo Blog, Cloud Security

@DevOpsSummit: Article

Ten Tips for Integrating Security into DevOps | @DevOpsSummit #DevOps #InfoSec

Imagine a world where product owners, Development, QA, IT Operations, and Infosec work together

Ten Tips for Integrating Security into DevOps
By Gene Kim

Imagine a world where product owners, Development, QA, IT Operations, and Infosec work together, not only to help each other, but also to ensure that the overall organization succeeds. By working toward a common goal, they enable the fast flow of planned work into production (e.g., performing tens, hundreds, or even thousands of code deploys per day), while achieving world-class stability, reliability, availability, and security.

In this world, Infosec is always working on ways to reduce friction for the team, creating the work systems that enable developers to be more productive and get better outcomes. By doing this, small teams can fully leverage the collective experience and knowledge of not just Infosec, but also QA and Ops, in their daily work without being dependent on other teams, deploying safely, securely and quickly into production.

This enables organizations to create a safe system of work, where small teams are able to quickly and independently develop, test, and deploy code and value quickly, safely, securely, and reliably to customers. This allows organizations to maximize developer productivity, enable organizational learning, create high employee satisfaction, and win in the marketplace.

Instead of inspecting security into our product at the end of the process, we will create and integrate security controls into the daily work of Development and Operations, so that security is part of everyone's job, every day.

The Need for Force Multiplication
One interpretation of DevOps is that it came from the need to enable developers productivity, because as the number of developers grew, there weren't enough Ops people to handle all the resulting deployment work.

This shortage is even worse in Infosec - James Wickett described vividly why Infosec needs DevOps:

The ratio of engineers in Development, Operations, and Infosec in a typical technology organization is 100:10:1. When Infosec is that outnumbered, without automation and integrating information security into the daily work of Dev and Ops, Infosec can only do compliance checking, which is the opposite of security engineering-and besides, it also makes everyone hate us.

Getting Started

1. Integrate security into development iteration demonstrations.
Here's an easy way to prevent Infosec from being a blocker at the end of the project: invite Infosec into product demonstrations at the end of each development interval. This helps everyone understand team goals as they relate to organizational goals, see their implementations during the build process, and gives them the chance to offer input into what's needed to meet security and compliance objectives while there's still ample time to make corrections.

2. Ensure security work is in our Dev and Ops work tracking systems.
Infosec work should be as visible as all other work in the value stream. We can do this by tracking them in the same work tracking system that Development and Operations use daily so they can be prioritized alongside everything else.

3. Integrate Infosec into blameless post-mortem processes.
Also consider doing a postmortem after every security issue to prevent a repeat of the same problem. In a presentation at the 2012 Austin DevOpsDays, Nick Galbreath, who headed up Information Security at Etsy for many years, describes how they treated security issues, "We put all security issues into JIRA, which all engineers use in their daily work, and they were either ‘P1' or ‘P2,' meaning that they had to be fixed immediately or by the end of the week, even if the issue is only an internally-facing application.

4. Integrate preventive security controls into shared source code repositories and shared services.
Shared source code repositories are a fantastic way to enable anyone to discover and reuse the collective knowledge of the organization, not only for code, but also for toolchains, deployment pipeline, standards-and security. Security information should include any mechanisms or tools for safeguarding applications and environments, such as libraries pre-blessed by security to fulfill their specific objectives. Also, putting security artifacts into the version control system that Dev and Ops use daily keeps security needs on their radar.

5. Integrate security into the deployment pipeline.
To keep Infosec issues top of mind of Dev and Ops, we want to continually give those teams fast feedback about potential risks associated with their code. Integrating security into the pipeline involves automating as many security tests as possible so that they run alongside all other automated tests. Ideally, these tests should be performed on every code commit by Dev or Ops, and even in the earliest stages of a software project.

6. Protect the deployment pipeline from malicious code.
Unfortunately, malicious code can be injected into the infrastructures that support CI/CD. A good place to hide that code is in unit tests because no one looks at them and because they're run every time someone commits code to the repo. We can (and must) protect deployment pipelines through steps such as:

  • Hardening continuous build and integration servers so we can reproduce them in an automated manner
  • Reviewing all changes introduced into version control to prevent continuous integration servers from running uncontrolled code
  • Instrumenting the repository to detect when test code contains suspicious API calls

7. Secure your applications.
Development testing usually focuses on the correctness of functionality. InfoSec, however, often focuses on testing for what can go wrong. Instead of performing these tests manually, aim to generate them as part of automated unit or functional tests so that they can be run continuously in the deployment pipeline. It's also useful to define design patterns to help developers write code to prevent abuse, such as putting in rate limits for services and graying out submit buttons after they've been pressed.

8. Secure the software supply chain.
It's not enough to protect our applications, environment, data and our pipelines - we must also ensure the security of our software supply chain, particularly in light of startling statistics* about just how vulnerable it is. While the use of and reliance on commercial and open source components is convenient, it's also extremely risky. When selecting software, then, it's critical to detect components or libraries that have known vulnerabilities and work with developers to carefully select components with a track record of being fixed quickly.

9. Secure your environments.
We must ensure that all our environments in a hardened, risk-reduced state. This involves generating automated tests to ensure that all appropriate settings have been correctly applied for configuration hardening, database security, key lengths, and so forth. It also involves using tests to scan environments for known vulnerabilities and using a security scanner to map them out

10. Integrate information security into production telemetry.
Internal security controls are often ineffective in quickly detecting breaches because of blind spots in monitoring or because no one is examining the relevant telemetry every day. To adapt, integrate security telemetry into the same tools that Development, QA, and Operations use. This gives everyone in the pipeline visibility into how application and environments are performing in a hostile threat environment where attackers are constantly attempting to exploit vulnerabilities, gain unauthorized access, plant backdoors, and commit fraud (among other insidious things!).

You can read the full details of each of these steps and more in The DevOps Handbook.

*See Sonatype's 2015 "State of the Software Supply Chain" Report and Verizon's 2014 "Data Breach Investigations Report."

(Adapted from portions of The DevOps Handbook)

The post 10 Tips for Integrating Security into DevOps appeared first on XebiaLabs.

Related posts:

DevSecOps: Embracing Automation While Letting Go of Tradition Hidden Software Development Costs That Crush Your Bottom Line DevSecOps: Catching Fire

More Stories By XebiaLabs Blog

XebiaLabs is the technology leader for automation software for DevOps and Continuous Delivery. It focuses on helping companies accelerate the delivery of new software in the most efficient manner. Its products are simple to use, quick to implement, and provide robust enterprise technology.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
Cloud-enabled transformation has evolved from cost saving measure to business innovation strategy -- one that combines the cloud with cognitive capabilities to drive market disruption. Learn how you can achieve the insight and agility you need to gain a competitive advantage. Industry-acclaimed CTO and cloud expert, Shankar Kalyana presents. Only the most exceptional IBMers are appointed with the rare distinction of IBM Fellow, the highest technical honor in the company. Shankar has also receive...
Enterprises have taken advantage of IoT to achieve important revenue and cost advantages. What is less apparent is how incumbent enterprises operating at scale have, following success with IoT, built analytic, operations management and software development capabilities - ranging from autonomous vehicles to manageable robotics installations. They have embraced these capabilities as if they were Silicon Valley startups.
Poor data quality and analytics drive down business value. In fact, Gartner estimated that the average financial impact of poor data quality on organizations is $9.7 million per year. But bad data is much more than a cost center. By eroding trust in information, analytics and the business decisions based on these, it is a serious impediment to digital transformation.
Predicting the future has never been more challenging - not because of the lack of data but because of the flood of ungoverned and risk laden information. Microsoft states that 2.5 exabytes of data are created every day. Expectations and reliance on data are being pushed to the limits, as demands around hybrid options continue to grow.
The standardization of container runtimes and images has sparked the creation of an almost overwhelming number of new open source projects that build on and otherwise work with these specifications. Of course, there's Kubernetes, which orchestrates and manages collections of containers. It was one of the first and best-known examples of projects that make containers truly useful for production use. However, more recently, the container ecosystem has truly exploded. A service mesh like Istio addr...
As IoT continues to increase momentum, so does the associated risk. Secure Device Lifecycle Management (DLM) is ranked as one of the most important technology areas of IoT. Driving this trend is the realization that secure support for IoT devices provides companies the ability to deliver high-quality, reliable, secure offerings faster, create new revenue streams, and reduce support costs, all while building a competitive advantage in their markets. In this session, we will use customer use cases...
Business professionals no longer wonder if they'll migrate to the cloud; it's now a matter of when. The cloud environment has proved to be a major force in transitioning to an agile business model that enables quick decisions and fast implementation that solidify customer relationships. And when the cloud is combined with the power of cognitive computing, it drives innovation and transformation that achieves astounding competitive advantage.
Digital Transformation: Preparing Cloud & IoT Security for the Age of Artificial Intelligence. As automation and artificial intelligence (AI) power solution development and delivery, many businesses need to build backend cloud capabilities. Well-poised organizations, marketing smart devices with AI and BlockChain capabilities prepare to refine compliance and regulatory capabilities in 2018. Volumes of health, financial, technical and privacy data, along with tightening compliance requirements by...
DevOpsSummit New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DXWorldEXPO within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term. A total of 88% of Fortune 500 companies from a generation ago are now out of bus...
With 10 simultaneous tracks, keynotes, general sessions and targeted breakout classes, @CloudEXPO and DXWorldEXPO are two of the most important technology events of the year. Since its launch over eight years ago, @CloudEXPO and DXWorldEXPO have presented a rock star faculty as well as showcased hundreds of sponsors and exhibitors! In this blog post, we provide 7 tips on how, as part of our world-class faculty, you can deliver one of the most popular sessions at our events. But before reading...
DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City and will bring together Cloud Computing, FinTech and Blockchain, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, AI, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location.
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that ICOHOLDER named "Media Sponsor" of Miami Blockchain Event by FinTechEXPO. ICOHOLDER give you detailed information and help the community to invest in the trusty projects. Miami Blockchain Event by FinTechEXPO has opened its Call for Papers. The two-day event will present 20 top Blockchain experts. All speaking inquiries which covers the following information can be submitted by email to [email protected] Miami Blockchain Event by FinTechEXPO also offers s...
DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
The best way to leverage your Cloud Expo presence as a sponsor and exhibitor is to plan your news announcements around our events. The press covering Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo will have access to these releases and will amplify your news announcements. More than two dozen Cloud companies either set deals at our shows or have announced their mergers and acquisitions at Cloud Expo. Product announcements during our show provide your company with the most reach through our targeted audiences.
The IoT Will Grow: In what might be the most obvious prediction of the decade, the IoT will continue to expand next year, with more and more devices coming online every single day. What isn’t so obvious about this prediction: where that growth will occur. The retail, healthcare, and industrial/supply chain industries will likely see the greatest growth. Forrester Research has predicted the IoT will become “the backbone” of customer value as it continues to grow. It is no surprise that retail is ...
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that "Miami Blockchain Event by FinTechEXPO" has announced that its Call for Papers is now open. The two-day event will present 20 top Blockchain experts. All speaking inquiries which covers the following information can be submitted by email to [email protected] Financial enterprises in New York City, London, Singapore, and other world financial capitals are embracing a new generation of smart, automated FinTech that eliminates many cumbersome, slow, and expe...
Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo have announced the conference tracks for Cloud Expo 2018. Cloud Expo will be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, and November 6-8, 2018, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DX Expo within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive ov...