Welcome!

Containers Expo Blog Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Reinhard Brandstädter, Yeshim Deniz

Related Topics: @CloudExpo

@CloudExpo: Article

Cloud Computing Expo: Cloud Optimized Storage Solutions

The basic ideology of COSS is to ingest significant amounts of both structured and unstructured content

The basic ideology of Cloud Optimized Storage Solutions, as noted in the three previous installments, is to ingest significant amounts of both structured and unstructured content and, operating within the confines of SLAs and tiering, provide this data back to users with acceptable performance.

In the previous three Cloud Optimized Storage Solution (COSS) articles in this series, I’ve discussed the content being stored, the method of storage, as well as principles derived from data tiering.  Today, I want to jump ahead a bit and discuss how neural networks and heuristics can impact the processing of object and file data for the cloud.

One of the more recent advancements within computing has been the application of heuristics and neural networking. Heuristics is defined as being “…an educational method in which learning takes place through discoveries that result from investigations…“ While heuristics has historically been used in such products like anti-virus software, it provides an incredible wealth of capability and technology for the COSS solution. Similarly, neural networks provide capacitive understanding of processing layers and optimizations that learn patterns based on underlying statistical data. How do these two technologies apply to COSS?

The basic ideology of COSS, as noted in the previous parts of this paper, is to ingest significant amounts of both structured and unstructured content and, operating within the confines of SLAs and tiering, provide this data back to users with acceptable performance. While fairly reductionistic in nature, it is how the data is allocated to storage that provides the greatest insight into the impact that neural nets and heuristics can potentially have. To illustrate this point, here is a graphical example of file placement within COSS without using heuristics.

As seen below, data is submitted to COSS by API or other integration point, meta data is calculated for said object based on pre-defined categories of content understanding (i.e. “Movies”) and content is placed in Tier 1 for faster access and greater availability. Policy is enacted on this movie object such that it is automatically moved from Tier 1 to Tier 2 after a fixed period of time and again to Tier 3 based on similar time constraints. Globally, policy is additional set for compression, encryption, deduplication, and optimizations and this is applied for content at rest as well as incoming data. Once data has been moved from tier to tier, there is no really process for retrieving that data and promoting it to a different tier based on access or usage patterns.



While this example is extremely reductionistic, it highlights the particular areas where neural nets and heuristics can be applied to approve both the way that data is ingested but also how it is maintained across its lifespan (i.e until delete). In essence, COSS, under this particular model, is administrator-enforced. Here, then, is an example of data ingest to COSS with neural nets and heuristics enabled:

Almost immediately, it becomes apparent that COSS is taking a more active role in the ingest and storage allocation for the file data. Instead of having a global category created (i.e. “Movies”), COSS applies bit-patterning and packet inspection to the data being ingested to determine file composition. Such inspection has several significant implications: less time spent applying policy enhancements such as deduplication/encyption (storage processor intensive) and more time optimizing content layout and placement within tiers (default becomes Tier 2: accessibility and performance). Once the data is inspected, it is determined to be of a certain type (i.e. application/x-octet stream) and placed in a default tier (Tier 2). COSS recognizes that this data is already in a compressed state and rules out compression and deduplication policies and potentially, depending on source/API mapping, rules out encryption policies. Once data is at rest on Tier 2, COSS watches file access patterns to determine when and how it is being accessed. If statistical trending against that file starts showing increased access, COSS will promote the file to a higher tier for more adequate performance and access. If the trending notices a decline in traffic to that file, it can demote it to Tier 2, Tier 3, etc. without affecting surrounding data.

Implications for Global Implementations

The examples above highlighted policies and actions on a single file or object but when it is extrapolated out to the COSS system on a global level, it becomes a much more powerful tool. In essence, the heuristic database and neural network capabilities can be applied to linked COSS systems for global replication and file/object processing. As patterning is completed against file types and categories are created or designed by the engine, the resulting database can be asynchronously updated to other members of the larger COSS network. This replication would make use of recursive heuristic database updates to ensure consistency against the other COSS members and to ensure that data residing across all COSS members was categorized and tagged appropriately. Additionally, since one of the mechanisms for data protection with COSS is to utilize multiple data replicas for redundancy, it serves the additional purpose of spreading the database for protection purposes.

Implications for Heuristic Processing and Control

The additional processing overhead that heuristic analysis brings to the fore an added layer of complexity in implementation and design. Given that COSS is designed to utilize commodity hardware with the differentiating feature being the actual software “brains,” the added performance burden of a heuristic model might seem untenable for basic implementations. However, as recent research has shown, the simple addition of a General Purpose Graphical Processing Unit (GPGPU) to the COSS hardware to offload these more complex routines would fit within the paradigm of commodity hardware. By coding to specific GPGPU routines (as evidenced by the research into WPA key decode, for example) based on nVidia’s CUDA specifications, for example, the heuristic branch paths could be removed from the general storage operation paths handled by the storage system processor. Since each GPGPU typically has ownership of a local, low latency cache (e.g. GDDR4) and has multiple programmable vector units, the ability to process large sets of data is assured.

One area that would need to be addressed with the use of GPGPUs for heuristic programming is the issue of redundancy. Given that no methodology currently exists to maintain GPGPU functionality across two discrete units in a single system, either the programming path would need to account for multiple GPGPU engines within the general I/O complex or it would need to be designed into the heuristic path. In a clustered front end I/O stack (a la EMC’s Atmos), it would be a simple matter of having a GPGPU per individual node member with the overall software stack to process the heuristic path in a parallel fashion.

More Stories By Dave Graham

Dave Graham is a Technical Consultant with EMC Corporation where he focused on designing/architecting private cloud solutions for commercial customers.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
The essence of data analysis involves setting up data pipelines that consist of several operations that are chained together – starting from data collection, data quality checks, data integration, data analysis and data visualization (including the setting up of interaction paths in that visualization). In our opinion, the challenges stem from the technology diversity at each stage of the data pipeline as well as the lack of process around the analysis.
The IoTs will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and share the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the development proc...
Designing IoT applications is complex, but deploying them in a scalable fashion is even more complex. A scalable, API first IaaS cloud is a good start, but in order to understand the various components specific to deploying IoT applications, one needs to understand the architecture of these applications and figure out how to scale these components independently. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Nara Rajagopalan is CEO of Accelerite, will discuss the fundamental architecture of IoT applications, ...
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, wh...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Tintri Inc., a leading producer of VM-aware storage (VAS) for virtualization and cloud environments, will exhibit at the 18th International CloudExpo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, and the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Bruce Swann, Senior Product Marketing Manager at Adobe, will discuss how the Adobe Marketing Cloud can help marketers embrace opportunities for personalized, relevant and real-time customer engagement across offline (direct mail, point of sale, call center) and digital (email, website, SMS, mobile apps, social networks, connected objects). Bruce Swann has more than 15 years of experience working with digital marketing disciplines like web analytics, social med...
SYS-CON Events announced today that EastBanc Technologies will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. EastBanc Technologies has been working at the frontier of technology since 1999. Today, the firm provides full-lifecycle software development delivering flexible technology solutions that seamlessly integrate with existing systems – whether on premise or cloud. EastBanc Technologies partners with p...
SYS-CON Events announced today that BMC Software has been named "Siver Sponsor" of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2015 at the Javits Center in New York, New York. BMC is a global leader in innovative software solutions that help businesses transform into digital enterprises for the ultimate competitive advantage. BMC Digital Enterprise Management is a set of innovative IT solutions designed to make digital business fast, seamless, and optimized from mainframe to mo...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. MangoApps provides modern company intranets and team collaboration software, allowing workers to stay connected and productive from anywhere in the world and from any device. For more information, please visit https://www.mangoapps.com/.
The IoT is changing the way enterprises conduct business. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Hoffman, Vice President at EastBanc Technologies, discuss how businesses can gain an edge over competitors by empowering consumers to take control through IoT. We'll cite examples such as a Washington, D.C.-based sports club that leveraged IoT and the cloud to develop a comprehensive booking system. He'll also highlight how IoT can revitalize and restore outdated business models, making them profitable...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Commvault, a global leader in enterprise data protection and information management, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7–9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Commvault is a leading provider of data protection and information management...
Companies can harness IoT and predictive analytics to sustain business continuity; predict and manage site performance during emergencies; minimize expensive reactive maintenance; and forecast equipment and maintenance budgets and expenditures. Providing cost-effective, uninterrupted service is challenging, particularly for organizations with geographically dispersed operations.
Customer experience has become a competitive differentiator for companies, and it’s imperative that brands seamlessly connect the customer journey across all platforms. With the continued explosion of IoT, join us for a look at how to build a winning digital foundation in the connected era – today and in the future. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Nguyen, Group Product Marketing Manager at Adobe, will discuss how to successfully leverage mobile, rapidly deploy content, capture real-time d...
SoftLayer operates a global cloud infrastructure platform built for Internet scale. With a global footprint of data centers and network points of presence, SoftLayer provides infrastructure as a service to leading-edge customers ranging from Web startups to global enterprises. SoftLayer's modular architecture, full-featured API, and sophisticated automation provide unparalleled performance and control. Its flexible unified platform seamlessly spans physical and virtual devices linked via a world...
SYS-CON Events announced today that ContentMX, the marketing technology and services company with a singular mission to increase engagement and drive more conversations for enterprise, channel and SMB technology marketers, has been named “Sponsor & Exhibitor Lounge Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York. “CloudExpo is a great opportunity to start a conversation with new prospects, but what happens after the...
IoT generates lots of temporal data. But how do you unlock its value? How do you coordinate the diverse moving parts that must come together when developing your IoT product? What are the key challenges addressed by Data as a Service? How does cloud computing underlie and connect the notions of Digital and DevOps What is the impact of the API economy? What is the business imperative for Cognitive Computing? Get all these questions and hundreds more like them answered at the 18th Cloud Expo...
SYS-CON Events announced today Object Management Group® has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7–9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
What a difference a year makes. Organizations aren’t just talking about IoT possibilities, it is now baked into their core business strategy. With IoT, billions of devices generating data from different companies on different networks around the globe need to interact. From efficiency to better customer insights to completely new business models, IoT will turn traditional business models upside down. In the new customer-centric age, the key to success is delivering critical services and apps wit...
Join us at Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo 2016 – June 7-9 at the Javits Center in New York City and November 1-3 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – and deliver your unique message in a way that is striking and unforgettable by taking advantage of SYS-CON's unmatched high-impact, result-driven event / media packages.
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, will provide an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life ...